Definition of Gross Profit Gartner Finance Glossary


This shows your business’s core operations are sustainable, and you can make better business decisions with this knowledge. Businesses typically carry various debts across loans and credit cards, which can eat into profits. By excluding interests on those debts, your operating profit can show a more accurate picture of how well your business is actually performing.

Net https://quick-bookkeeping.net/ is the total profit generated after all costs have been subtracted from total revenue. “It includes income realized in any form, whether money, property, or services.” Every business wants to increase their gross profit percentage as it indicates the absolute returns from their sales.

More Definitions of Gross Profit

There’s a few reasons why a company would want to analyze gross profit as opposed to net profit. Gross profit isolates performance of the product or service it is selling. By stripping away the “noise” of administrative or operating costs, a company can think strategically about how its products are performing or employ greater cost control strategies.

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Gross Profit Definition Profit is important for a company’s accounting because it gives them a clear way to measure how efficiently they are producing their products or services. If a company has a high Gross Profit, they’re making efficient, profitable decisions around their production costs , like purchasing supplies and allocating production-related labor. If their gross profit is low , they may need to rethink their approach to production—and look to cut their costs of goods sold in order to get their Gross Profit into the green. Net income is gross profit minus all other expenses and costs as well as any other income and revenue sources that are not included in gross income.


For example, a company could be saddled with too much debt, resulting in high interest expenses, which wipes out the gross profit, leading to a net loss . Understanding the differences between gross profit vs. net income can help investors determine whether a company is earning a profit, and if not, where the company is losing money. Investors reviewing private companies’ income should familiarize themselves with the cost and expense items on a non-standardized balance sheet that may or may not factor into gross profit calculations. On the other hand, gross profit is dictated by net revenue and cost of goods sold . A company can strategically alter more components of gross profit than it can net profit; therefore, there is value in sometimes limiting management’s view to primarily what it can control.

What is the gross profit meaning?

What is gross profit? Gross profit is the profit a business makes after subtracting all the costs that are related to manufacturing and selling its products or services. You can calculate gross profit by deducting the cost of goods sold (COGS) from your total sales.

Gross profit is, however, only valid for the specific company at the specific time. The gross profit margin can be used to track a company’s performance over time. It can also be used to benchmark a company against its competitors. You can use the gross profit margin to benchmark your product-related business operations against the market and similar businesses.

Focuses on Product or Service Performance

Gross revenueretentionmeasures the revenue lost from the company’s customer base, not accounting for expansion revenue obtained from cross-sales and upsells. You can alsoestimate your business valueas a multiple of the last recorded gross revenue. Unlike gross revenue, gross profit shows the company’s ability to generateprofitrelative to its operational efficiencies.


Gain is measured as the excess of proceeds over the taxpayer’s adjusted basis in the property. It only makes sure no extra costs are incurred in the manufacturing process. There was a great comparing of papers, and turning over of leaves, by Fogg and Perker, after this statement of profit and loss. Create payment links, buy buttons or QR codes with Square Online Checkout.

Tips for Monitoring and Improving Profit Margins

In any event, cost of sales is properly determined through an inventory account or a list of raw materials or goods purchased. Looking further down the financial statements, you’ll notice that’s a far cry from the $2.4 billion of net income the company reports. Though most of this difference is due to SG&A expenses, Best Buy also paid $574 million of income tax.

  • For example, a company has revenue of $500 million and cost of goods sold of $400 million; therefore, their gross profit is $100 million.
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  • Gross profit is the difference between net revenue and the cost of goods sold.
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  • It is the opposite of the gross profit ratio (commonly known as the “gross profit margin”).

Let us understand the two major methods through which GP can be increased through the discussion below. Variable costs are the cost to the Company that varies with the output. It should be noted that fixed costsare not considered when deducting the cost of goods sold from the revenue to calculate it. Operating expenses could include rent, insurance, office supplies, interest charges, and tax payments. The trading statement’s main objective is to determine sales, cost of sales and gross profit.

What is gross revenue?

For example, if a company sold a building, the money from the sale of the asset would increase net income for that period. Investors looking only at net income might misinterpret the company’s profitability as an increase in the sale of its goods and services. We can see from the COGS items listed above that gross profit mainly includes variable costs—or the costs that fluctuate depending on production output. Typically, gross profit doesn’t includefixed costs, which are the costs incurred regardless of the production output.


With that said, if a company is using the absorption costing method, a portion of the fixed costs will be assigned to each item produced. For example, if a company had fixed costs of $10K and produced 10K items, then each item would be assigned $1 fixed costs. Revenue is the amount of money generated from sales of a company’s products and/or services during a specific time period , before any deductions. This is your company’s profit before you pay interest and income tax. You may also hear it referred to as the earnings before interest or taxes .

March 20, 2023

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